Recent excavation in the Late Eocene quarry L-41 (Fayum Depression, Egypt) revealed two tibiae and a femur in direct association with a mandible of Proteopithecus sylviae, arguably the most generalized African anthropoidean known from cranial remains. This discovery represents the first association of dental and postcranial material belonging to an Eocene anthropoidean, and provides new insights into the functional anatomy and phylogenetic position of Proteopithecus. The hindlimb morphology of Proteopithecus is most similar to small-bodied platyrrhines among living and extinct primates and is consistent with a locomotor repertoire that included a considerable amount of running and pronograde leaping. In certain dental and postcranial features, Proteopithecus differs from the other Fayum anthropoideansand shows a greater resemblance to living and extinct platyrrhines, but it is unclear whether these features are of particular phylogenetic significance.
Organisms which have evolved from a common ancestor show many resemblances. Humans, chimpanzee, gorilla, orangutan, gibbon and monkeys are included in anthropoidea. This is further classified into cercopithecoidea and hominoidea. Humans are a part of hominiodea. Other members include chimpanzees, gorillas etc. Hominoidea have got a developed brain and freely movable hands. 041b061a72